When managers and leaders exercise ethical decision making, they need to be guided correctly to know how to go about with the decision making process. Choosing which choice is ethical from the unethical option can be a very difficult and confusing task not only for the manager but also for the other people involved in the situation.
The first guideline when making ethical decisions is autonomy. Autonomy is the ability to exercise your decision making power without the scrutiny and influence of other people. There must be freedom to make the decision and the final outcome must not be forced or manipulated. Another guideline in making an ethical decision is the consideration of the outcome. Managers and leaders need to look into how their decision would affect the people around them. All of the needs must be met as much as possible when making a decision.
Ethical decisions must also be guided by legalities and laws. Managers need to be aware of the law so that the outcome would still be in line with the regulations of the company and of the state. A guideline that needs to be considered is nonmaleficence and this should be exercised in order to minimize the harmful outcomes to the parties involved.